UN judges are ruling today on the former leader of the Bosnian Serbs, Radovan Karadzic. On Thursday he has been found guilty of crimes against humanity and acquitted of one genocide charge for his actions as the president of the Bosnian Serb faction (Republika Srpska) during the 1992-95 war in the former Yugoslavia.
Karadzic has been representing himself before the war crimes tribunal for the past eight years. The 70-year old is the highest official who has been brought to trial for atrocities committed during the Bosnian war. His trial is considered one of the most important international cases since World War II.
The only more notorious political to be brought to trial has been Slobodan Milosevic, who died in prison in 2006 before the completion of his trial.
Karadzic is being tried at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, a special court established by a UN Security Council resolution in 1993.
From the end of the war and his loss of power in 1995, Karadzic lived in hiding in 2008 when he was found to be working as an alternative medicine guru in Belgrade, using a different name and somehow undetected by the public.
He faced 11 counts of genocide, crimes against humanity that include murder and extermination, and with other violations of the laws of war.
The court ruled that Karadzic was criminally responsible for the massacre in July of 1995 in Srebrenica, where 8,000 Muslim men and boys were killed and left in mass graves. He has been sentenced to 40 years.